405.5 351.5 406 309 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 Kg of VEGETABLE INK used by OSCULATI for commercial printing 2019 2020 2021 2022 35 Osculati, in its care to safeguard the environment, also combines, with ecological printing, the use of: Vegetable inks made from vegetable oils such as rapeseed, palm, and flax. Fully recycled metal plates and developing and fixing materials disposed of in special tanks in addition to plates without developing processes. The plates transfer the ink onto paper, first passing through a rubberized support called a blanket. At one time the printing from plates was carried out by hand, which was time-consuming and produced a great deal of waste material. Much more wetting water was used in the making of the plates, which were initially made of zinc and not aluminium, than is the case now, or high temperature ovens were needed to fix the glyphs onto the plate itself. However, Osculati routinely uses two types of plates: - Waterless, which, through the employment of photopolymers, silicone products and water-free processes, allow the same or often better results to be achieved. - Processless, also called developing-free, impressed in the CtP and activated directly in the printing press. These plates offer great advantages as no developer or water is needed, and no chemical processing is involved. In short, to great environmental advantage. 1,405 1,211 1,142 1,072.60 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 Kg of ALUMINIUM PLATES 100% RECYCLED used by OSCULATI for commercial printing 2019 2020 2021 2022